Life is always full of risks. Because we never know what will happen to us before the incident. There are people who slip into the bathroom and eventually have to be hospitalized for some time. There are also suddenly left by his family by accident. Not to mention the lifestyle issues that trigger the risk of health problems. Critical pain such as heart attack or stroke is now familiar to our ears.
Lucky now there is insurance. Because, with insurance, there are many things that can be prepared early. Starting from the cost of coverage when sick, to the cost of education of children. Unfortunately, there are still many people who consider insurance less important. In fact, judging from the benefits, insurance can provide a variety of certainty amid uncertainty that may befall one of our family.
Definition of Insurance under the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 2 of 1992 concerning Insurance Business Chapter 1, Article 1: “Insurance or Coverage is an agreement between two or more parties, whereby the insurer binds itself to the insured by accepting the insurance premium, to provide reimbursement to the insured due to loss, damage or loss of expected profit, or legal liability to a third party which may be subject to the insured, arising from an uncertain event, or to provide a payment based on the death or life of an insured person ”
An economic arrangement that eliminates or diminishes adverse effects in the future because of the possibilities as far as the wealth (Vermaelen) of an individual is concerned.
Based on these definitions can be concluded that the insurance is one way of payment of compensation to the party experiencing the disaster, which funds are taken from premium contributions all participants insurance. Some insurance terms used here include:
Insured, ie you or a legal entity that owns or has an interest in the property insured.
An insurer is a party that receives insurance premiums from the Insured and bears the risk of loss/disaster that befell the property insured.
Basic Principles of Insurance
The insurance industry, both loss, and life insurance have principles that guide all insurance operations wherever they are.
You are said to have an interest in the object of the insured if you suffer financial loss in case of an accident causing harm or damage to the object. This financial interest allows you to ensure your property or interests. In the event of an accident on an object insured and proven that you have no financial interest in the object, then you are not entitled to indemnification.
Utmost Good Faith
What it means is that you are obliged to provide as clear and accurate as to all the important facts related to the object insured. This principle also explains the risks that are guaranteed or excluded, all terms and conditions of coverage clearly and thoroughly. The obligation to provide such important facts shall apply:
Since the agreement on the insurance agreement is discussed until the insurance contract is finalized, that is, when we approve the contract.
At the time of renewal of the insurance contract.
In the event of a change in the insurance contract and on matters relating to those changes.
If the insured object is hit by an accident causing a loss then we will give compensation to restore your financial position after the loss becomes equal to the moment before the loss occurs. Thus you are not entitled to a compensation greater than the loss you suffer. Example: Vehicle market price of $ 15,000, insured of 15,000. In case of the accident, the vehicle:
The principle of subrogation is stipulated in article 284 of the Law on Trade Law, which reads: “If an insurer has paid full compensation to the insured, then the insurer shall replace the position of the insured in all matters to prosecute a third party that has caused loss to the insured”. In other words, if you suffer a loss due to a negligence or error of a third party then we, after indemnifying you, will replace your position in filing the claim with such third party.
You can just ensure the same property on several insurance companies. However, in the event of loss of an insured object, it automatically applies the principle of contribution. The contribution principle means that if we have paid your full compensation, we are entitled to demand that other companies involved in a coverage (jointly cover your property insurance) pay a share of each other’s comparable losses with the amount of coverage covered.
If the insured interest is unfortunate or accidental, then we will first look for the active and efficient causes that move a series of events without interruption so that in the end there will be accident or accident. A principle used to find the cause of active and efficient losses is: “Unbroken Chain of Events” is an unbroken chain of events.
For example, the following personal accident claim cases:
Someone is driving on the highway at high speed so the car is out of control and upside down.
The victim was seriously injured and taken to the hospital.
Not long after the victim died.
From the event, it is known that the proximate cause is the victim driving a vehicle at high speed so the car is uncontrolled and reversed. Through the proximal cause will be known whether the cause of the accident or accident is guaranteed under the conditions of the insurance policy or not?
Provide assurance of protection from the risks of losses suffered by one party.
Increased efficiency, as it does not need to specifically provide security and supervision to provide protection that takes a lot of energy, time and money.
Equity costing, which is sufficient only by spending a certain amount and do not need to replace/pay for own losses incurred which amount is not necessarily and uncertain.
The foundation for the bank to provide credit because the bank requires security protection for collateral provided by the borrower money.
As a saving, because the amount paid to the insurer will be returned in greater amounts. This is especially true for life insurance.
Closes Loss of Earning Power to a person or business entity when he or she cannot function (works).
Why Must Be Insured
Here are some things you can consider to take out insurance:
Insurance provides protection in the event of a disaster. Every day, “disaster” threatens you. Starting from disasters caused by burning houses, accidents, or simply contracting diseases from colleagues in the office. With insurance, when that critical condition occurs, your mind can be calmer. Therefore, all events outside the plan are already protected by insurance. Moreover, when suffering from illness at risk of death such as heart, stroke, to cancer, of course, requires no maintenance costs. Health insurance can be a solution to these conditions.
Insurance can help you manage your finances more wisely. Insurance with a certain guarantee that you choose can be a “way out” financial problems when ill, to cover the cost of daily living. Because, with various facilities of insurance options, you can get various benefits in those critical moments. You can also manage how much you invest in insurance so that you can actually manage your expenses more easily. Plus, if you have life insurance, when you die, your family will not be abandoned because it has received a bailout for living expenses.
Insurance helps to enjoy the future better. When entering retirement age, if not prepared early, you can be deluded because the income from the monthly income suddenly reduced drastically or even no income at all. Therefore, to be able to enjoy old age, planning a retirement savings package plus health insurance will make retirement more enjoyable.
Insurance can help in preparing your child’s school education expenses. When your child enters school age, there are a lot of expenses to prepare. From year to year the cost of education is getting higher. How good is a child of 0 years old, you have prepared educational insurance for them. And plan the cost of education from elementary school to college. Thus children’s education is guaranteed even if something unwanted happens to their parents.